Historical Value

Several centuries old Buddhist temples are found in this area. The most prominent historical monument of Maduganga is an ancient temple on an island named Kothduwa. As mentioned in historical chronicles such as Lanka Avatharadi, a notable historic event that took place here was the arrival of Princess Hemamala & Prince Dantha who brought the sacred Tooth Relic to Sri Lanka from India on their way to Anuradhapura from Welithota (now Welithara) where they landed. As mentioned on Lanka Deepa Warnana, another historical chronicle, the sacred Tooth Relic had been kept here for it to be protected from the Portuguese during the period of Weediya Bandara.

According to the Bodhiwansha, a historical chronicle of ancient Sri Lanka, the Bo tree at Kothduwa is one of the32 buds (Dethis Maha Bodhi) that sprang from the Sri Maha Bodhi in Anuradhapura. This had been planted here by Minister Deva Pathiraja during the reign of the King Panditha Parakramabahu the second. At that time of the planting the Bo tree, the area had not been separated as an island from the main land.
next page>>Biodiversity
previous page>>International Heritage